master's thesis
Preoperative preparation of patients undergoing colorectal surgery

Biserka Šteko (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Medicinski fakultet
KATEDRA ZA KIRURGIJU
Metadata
TitlePreoperativna priprema bolesnika za kolorektalnu operaciju
AuthorBiserka Šteko
Mentor(s)Žarko Rašić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
U ovom radu prikazane su specifičnosti preoperativne pripreme bolesnika za kolorektalnu operaciju, suvremene metode dijagnostike, terapije i liječenja. Maligne bolesti kolorektuma spadaju u najčešće neoplazme čovjeka. Obuhvaćaju 30% svih tumora probavnog sustava. Kolorektalni karcinom globalni je, svjetski problem čija incidencija raste s porastom životne dobi. Na trećem je mjestu po učestalosti među svim malignim novotvorevinama u svijetu, po smrtnosti se nalazi na drugom mjestu. Brojni su čimbenici rizika koji utječu na razvoj i tijek bolesti. Najčešći su: obiteljska adenomatozna polipoza (FAP- eng. familial adenomatous polyposis), nasljedni nepolipozni karcinom kolona (HNPCC – eng.hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer), kronične aktivne upalne bolesti crijeva (IBD). Jedan od rizičnih čimbenika je prehrana siromašna vlaknima, pušenje, alkohol, fizička neaktivnost. Programi ranog otkrivanja kolorektalnog karcinoma od iznimne su važnosti u prevenciji, smanjenju morbiditeta i mortaliteta. Suvremenim načinom liječenja i skrbi za bolesnika mogu se smanjiti recidivi i brojne komplikacije bolesti, bolesnicima povećati vjerojatnost za izlječenje i/ili bolju kvalitetu života. Skrb za bolesnike zahtijeva povećane napore u svim segmentima zdravstvene zaštite. Naglašena je važnost multidisciplinarnog zdravstvenog tima radi bolje koordinacije i odluke o liječenju. U radu se dalje opisuje preoperativni plan pripreme i sestrinske intervencije u pripremi bolesnika za kolorektalnu operaciju. Planiranje zdravstvene skrbi bolesnika zahtijeva holistički pristup poštujući pravo privatnosti i dostojanstva.
Keywordscolorectal cancer primary and secondary prevention early detection perioperative patient preparation diagnosis surgical treatment
Parallel title (English)Preoperative preparation of patients undergoing colorectal surgery
Committee MembersLeonardo Patrlj (committee chairperson)
Tomislav Meštrović (committee member)
Žarko Rašić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKATEDRA ZA KIRURGIJU
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Surgery
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeStudies in Nursing
Academic title abbreviationmag. med. techn.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-07
Parallel abstract (English)
The specifics of the preoperative preparation of patients for colorectal surgery, modern methods of diagnosis, therapy and treatment are presented in this paper. Malignant colorectal diseases are the most common neoplasms of man. They cover 30% of all tumors of the digestive system. Colorectal cancer is a global, worldwide problem whose incidence increases with age. It is In the third place in frequency among all malignant neoplasm in the world, and in the second place in mortality.. There are many risk factors that affect the development and course of the disease. The most common are: familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP- eng. Familial adenomatous polyposis), hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC - eng.hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer), chronic active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). One of the risk factors is the poor fiber intake, smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity. Programs for early detection of colorectal cancer are of crucial importance in preventing and reducing morbidity and mortality. Modern way of treatment and care for patients can reduce relapses and many complications of disease, and increase the probability of healing and / or a better quality of life. Patients care requires increased efforts in all aspects of health care. The importance of a multidisciplinary health care team for better coordination and treatment decisions is highlighted. The paper further describes the preoperative plan of preparation and nursing intervention in the preparation of patients for colorectal surgery. Planning the health care of patients requires a holistic approach respecting the right to privacy and dignity.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)kolorektalni karcinom primarna i sekundarna prevencija multidisciplinarni pristup rano otkrivanje preoperativna priprema bolesnika dijagnostika kirurško liječenje.
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:105:909490
CommitterLovela Machala Poplašen