master's thesis
Differences in eating habits of vocational school and high school students

Sandra Samošćanec (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Medicinski fakultet
KATEDRA ZA MEDICINSKU STATISTIKU, EPIDEMIOLOGIJU I MEDICINSKU INFORMATIKU
Metadata
TitleRazlike u prehrambenim navikama učenica strukovnih škola i gimnazija
AuthorSandra Samošćanec
Mentor(s)Sanja Musić Milanović (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Uvod: Doba adolescencije važno životno razdoblje za formiranje i stjecanje prehrambenih navika te predstavlja važno razdoblje za prevenciju bolesti uzrokovanih nepravilnom prehranom. Cilj: Utvrditi prehrambene navike učenica trećih razreda strukovne škole i gimnazije te ispitati razlike prehrambenih navika obzirom na vrstu škole. Ispitanici i metode rada: Istraživanje je provedeno na uzorku od 68 učenica u dobi 16-17 godina iz dvije škole u Zagrebu, jednoj gimnaziji - Klasična gimnazija i jednoj strukovnoj školi – Školi za medicinske sestre Mlinarska. Istraživanje je provedeno u školskoj godini 2015/2016. Za analizu varijabli koje su pokazale normalnu distribuciju je primijenjen Hi kvadrat test, a zbog odmaka od normalne distribucije u analizi je primijenjen i neparametrijski analitički postupak (Mann-Whitneyev test). Rezultati: Prehrambene navike među učenicama gimnazije i strukovne škole loše su i vrlo slične. Brzu hranu više puta tjedno jede čak 60% učenica, njih polovina ne doručkuje, tek 22% gimnazijalki i 35% učenica medicinske strukovne škole svakodnevno jede voće i povrće, dok meso svakodnevno konzumira čak 70% učenica. 44% učenica svakodnevno jede slatkiše, a tek 26% gimnazijalki i 19% učenica medicinske strukovne škole svakodnevno pije mlijeko. Samo je u učestalosti konzumacije brze hrane i ribe nađena značajna razlika između dvije uspoređivane skupine, a obje namirnice češće konzumiraju učenice strukovne škole. Usprkos sličnim prehrambenim navikama, indeks tjelesne mase od 21,29 kg/m2 u gimnazijalki u usporedbi s 23,90 kg/m2 u učenica strukovne škole značajno je niži (p=0,03), što korelira i sa značajno boljom osobnom procjenom prehrambenih navika (p=0,05) i značajno rjeđim držanjem dijete (p=0,16) u gimnazijalki. Zaključak: Učenice gimnazije i strukovne škole imaju slične prehrambene navike. Učenice gimnazije nižeg su indeksa tjelesne mase, zadovoljnije osobnim prehrambenim navikama i rjeđe su na dijeti u usporedbi s učenicama strukovne škole.
Keywordseating habits body mass index adolescents
Parallel title (English)Differences in eating habits of vocational school and high school students
Committee MembersMirjana Kujundžić-Tiljak (committee chairperson)
Vera Musil (committee member)
Sanja Musić Milanović (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Medicinski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsKATEDRA ZA MEDICINSKU STATISTIKU, EPIDEMIOLOGIJU I MEDICINSKU INFORMATIKU
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Nutrition
Nutritional Science
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeStudies in Nursing
Academic title abbreviationmag. med. techn.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-01
Parallel abstract (English)
Introduction: Adolescence is an important period in life for forming and acquiring eating habits and represents an important period for preventing diseases caused by unhealthy nutrition. Goal: To determine eating habits among female students attending third grades of vocational and grammar schools, and determine differences in eating habits with respect to the type of school they attend. Respondents and methods: The research was conducted on a sample of 68 female students aged 16-17 from two schools in Zagreb, one grammar school – Classical grammar school and one vocational school – School for nurses Mlinarska. The research was conducted during the school year 2015/2016. For the analysis of variables with a normal distribution the χ2 test was used and due to the variation from the normal distribution a nonparametric analytical procedure was (Mann-Whitney test) was used in the analysis. Results: Eating habits among the female students of grammar and vocational schools are poor and very similar. Fast food is consumed several times a week by as much as 60% of students, a half of them does not eat breakfast, only 22% of grammar school students and 35% students attending the vocational school for nurses eat fruit and vegetables daily while meat is consumed daily by as much as 70% of students. Sweets are consumed daily by 44% of students and only 26% of grammar school students while 19% students of the vocational school for nurses drink milk daily. Statistical difference for the two compared groups was found only in the consumption of fast food and fish, both of which are consumed more often by vocational school attendees. Despite similar eating habits, body mass index of 21,29 kg/m2 among grammar school students is significantly lower (p=0,03) in comparison to 23,90 kg/m2 among vocational school students, which correlates with a significantly better personal assessment of eating habits (p=0,05) and significantly lesser dieting (p=0,16) in grammar school students. Conclusion: Grammar school students and vocational school students have similar eating habits. Grammar school students have a lower body mass index, are more satisfied with their personal eating habits and diet less often compared to vocational school students.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)prehrambene navike indeks tjelesne mase adolescenti
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:105:827685
CommitterLovela Machala Poplašen